12 3 / 2014
A second mortgage loans are based primarily upon these two conditions. A mortgage loan can be broadly understood as a kind of contract or a legal agreement, in which the borrowers property is pledged as a security or collateral guarantee, and the borrowed amount or credit is generally repaid in small packets of predefined amount, which are also referred to as instalments. As per the contract or the agreement, the buyer promises to repay the principal amount or the actual loan amount, and its interest, over a fixed period, also known as loan tenure in a regular and orderly manner. A lien is understood as a legal right or a claim imposed by the creditor or lender upon the property, against which the credit is taken or borrowed. In a simple language a lien means the creditor has a legal right to dispose off the debtor property, in case of defaults or the debtor inability to pay the loan instalments.
A second mortgage is an additional mortgage loan, which is added to your first or original mortgage loan. Since the new mortgage loan is attached in conjunction to the first or original mortgage, it is generally referred to as a second mortgage loan second because it falls at number two position in relation to the main mortgage loan. This second mortgage loan has all the characteristics of its original or main loan. In short, you have a condition in which two mortgage loans remain side-by-side, each loan with its unique set or terms and conditions.
Why avail a second mortgage loan?
Now, if two loans are to share the same mortgage, i.e. the same security or collateral guarantee, what is the need of going in for a second mortgage? The answer is quite simple. When people go in for a mortgage refinance loan, they understand the significance and the importance of a lien. Debtors know for sure, if they default, or end up with unforeseen circumstances and are unable to pay off their dues, the creditor holds a legal right to sell of the house offered as security and recover the dues. So individuals are very cautious about secured loans, and generally avail just enough credit to satisfy their requirements. As a result, the full potential of the lien is not utilized. It means if the property is worth $1,00,000/- a mortgage facility of $40,000/- or $50,000/- is generally availed against the security. The remaining potential is left unused. That is where a second mortgage comes in. If the borrower desires additional cash, or has a need to finance some requirement, the unused potential left over from the first mortgage activity can be used for the additional mortgage. Due to this, the second mortgage is also referred to as a home equity loan. The two terminologies can be used in lieu of each other.
Advantages of a second mortgage loan
The homeowners have to pay a smaller down payment, and in some cases, the down payment is totally avoided, to avail the additional credit. During the transaction, the home owner has the option to break up the total loan amount into two separate loans referred to as a combo loan. The encumbrance or the risk factor is distributed between the two loans, allowing higher combined loan-to-values and much lower blended interest rates.
The additional funds can provide a homeowner with much needed cash to improve the quality of their home or pay off high-interest loans. The biggest advantage is it is possible to avoid a refinance of the existing first mortgage.
Second mortgage helps home owners to avoid paying PMI, or private mortgage insurance. The resultant savings can be substantial depending upon the loan break down, and often saves the home owner hundreds of dollars a month, in terms of additional expenses. If the first loan is kept at or below 80% loan-to-value, the additional PMI is not required to be paid.
The monthly payments on the second mortgages are ideally low as compared to its first mortgage. The home owners end up with a substantial amount of liquidity, which can be used to pay of existing loans or even finance a commercial project.
The second mortgage is offered for both adjustable and fixed-rate options, so many options are available to choose from and to find the exact credit facility to fulfil your needs.
Taken from Simple mortgage calculator